The soil near the newly planted offshoots should be kept moist at all times by light and frequent irrigation.
The following reasons illustrate this handicap: - Offshoot production is limited to a certain period in the palm's life span (a short looking for a woman text vegetative phase of about 10 to 15 years - During this short phase, top adult personals sites only a limited number of offshoots are produced (20.The same authors also determined the action of several auxins and cytokinins on development of date seedling shoot-tips and apical meristems (Table 34).Florida has many palm trees too, but the dates grow during the rainy season and generally get moldy and rot before they can mature.Watch for pests and disease and deal with them quickly as they arise.Phoenix leaf petiol explant has initiated roots within 6 weeks when subcultured onto a medium with high levels of auxin (Eeuwens, 1978).The tree is tolerant of drought but needs plenty of water when flowering and fruiting.The large trees need room to grow and spread out the adventitious surface roots that anchor the plant and help it gather surface water.In comparison to the seed propagation technique, offshoots which are axillary vegetative buds, will offer the following two advantages: - The fruits produced will be of the same quality as the mother palm and ensure uniformity of produce (true to type).The damage has been done.The irrigation frequency is dependent on the type of soil.Precocious root development.Stomatal development and frequency can be affected by water availability, light intensity, temperature, humidity and osmotic concentration of the culture medium (Zaid and Hughes, 1995b).5.2 Acclimatisation Acclimatisation presents challenges at least equal to those posed by the initiation of cultures because it marks the end of artifi cial control and the beginning of autonomous plant growth.The cut boots give off an odor that attracts palmetto weevils.(Photo by Chuck Lippi).Only at this stage are they ready to be removed (Nixon, 1966; Nixon and Carpenter, 1978).A specially designed chisel is recommended to cut offshoots.Barhee palm derived from asexual embryogenesis showing morphological abnormality (Ref.
They are then removed and rooted in a nursery (Figure 35a and 35b).
A spray with Benlate solution.5 (or any wide spectrum fungicide) is important since it protects the plant from fungal attack.
Tissue culture propagation Palms are a much neglected plant group in terms of understanding their development and vegetative propagation potential.